homework assignment ideas

A perfect conclusion of a college research paper

Conclusions are probably the most difficult-to-write part of a research paper, second only to the introduction! Both sections of your paper do more than make straightforward statements. The introduction brings the reader into the world of your research and the conclusion makes the trip worthwhile.

The perfect conclusion would be one that justifies your reader’s time spent with your work. It will make the reader understand why you data and analysis matter. Your paper’s conclusion is like a singer’s last song on the stage, it should leave an impression. This is where you weave together your topic and its importance, your data and its relevance, the results you found, and what it all means for the hypothesis or question.

You really do not need to remain confined to your research here. This is where you stretch boundaries, show insight and creativity, and suggest future research. Remember: Your conclusion is the last thing that will be read, and it will decide if your research and research paper are going to be remembered.

To write the perfect conclusion to your research paper:


  • For adding more dimensions and/or depth to your conclusion is to elaborate on the facts. Ask yourself “why does it matter” after each statement, answer it and see if it can be asked repeatedly.
  • Return to introduction: Bring it all together by taking up the theme of your introduction and complete it in the conclusion to show how your research gives more insight into the topic. For example, if you described an image or anecdote in the introduction, use it now to show how your work changes or otherwise affect the image or anecdote.
  • Instead of repeating your findings in a summarized form, synthesize to show how your point(s) and data fit together.
  • Use visual words.
  • Adding a good quotation from the reading you did in researching the paper can make the conclusion more interesting.
  • Call to action: Suggest a course of action, give the solution to a problem, or propose further research.
  • Broaden the horizon to show how the topic and your research affect a bigger picture. For instance, if you are writing a paper about China’s economy, explain how it affects the global economy.
  • DO NOT
    1. Start the conclusion with a cliché.
    2. Mention the thesis NOW for the first time!
    3. Change the tone of the paper e.g. from analytical to emotional.
    4. Add evidence that should have been part of the body.
    5. End with a rephrased thesis statement.

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